Difference between revisions of "Hanzi orthography"

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{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
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|+namcu
 
! Hanzi !! Lojban
 
! Hanzi !! Lojban
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|-
 +
| 〇 || no
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 一 || pa
 
| 一 || pa
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| 四 || vo
 
| 四 || vo
 
|-
 
|-
| || prenu
+
| || mu
 
|-
 
|-
| || fetsi
+
| || xa
 
|-
 
|-
| || verba
+
| || ze
 
|-
 
|-
| || cmana
+
| || bi
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|-
 +
| 九 || so
 
|}
 
|}
 
{|class=wikitable
 
{|class=wikitable
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| [wèi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection<br />[wéi] do, act, act as, be, become; 认为 rènwéi think or believe that...; 以为 yǐwéi think or believe erroneously that...<br />{Compare with 办 bàn do}
 
| [wèi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection<br />[wéi] do, act, act as, be, become; 认为 rènwéi think or believe that...; 以为 yǐwéi think or believe erroneously that...<br />{Compare with 办 bàn do}
 
|-
 
|-
||
+
||verba
 
|  | 子
 
|  | 子
 
| [zǐ] child, son; 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters; 儿子 érzi son<br />[zi] (noun suffix); 桌子 zhuōzi table<br />{Compare with 了 le <particle>}
 
| [zǐ] child, son; 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters; 儿子 érzi son<br />[zi] (noun suffix); 桌子 zhuōzi table<br />{Compare with 了 le <particle>}
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|  | 后
 
|  | 后
 
| [hòu] queen, (F後) after, behind, <family name>; 后天 hòutiān the day after tomorrow
 
| [hòu] queen, (F後) after, behind, <family name>; 后天 hòutiān the day after tomorrow
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 小
 +
| [xiǎo] small; 大小 dàxiǎo size
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 么
 +
| [me/mo] (F麼,末) (interrogative suffix) 什么? shénme? what?; 为什么? wèishénme? why? 没什么! méi shénme! It doesn't matter!, Never mind!; 怎么? zěnme? how?<br />[yāo] (S幺) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone numbers)
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 心
 +
| [xīn] heart; 小心 xiǎoxīn be careful; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality; 中心 zhōngxīn center
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 多
 +
| [duō] many, much, more; 多大 duōdà how large?; 多少 duōshǎo how many/much?
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 天
 +
| [tiān] sky, heaven, god, day, (=天空 tiānkōng) sky; 天气 tiānqì weather<br />{天干 tiāngān the Ten Heavenly Stems: 甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸 jiǎ-yǐ-bǐng-dīng-wù-jǐ-gēng-xīn-rén-guǐ (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers}<br />{Compare with 夫 fū man and 无 wú without}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 而
 +
| [ér] (=而且 érqiě) and, furthermore, (=然而 rán'ér) yet, even so
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 能
 +
| [néng] can, be able; 能够 nénggòu be capable of; 可能 kě'néng maybe
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 好
 +
| [hǎo] good, good to..., easy to...; 你好! Nǐhǎo! Hello!<br />[hào] to like<br />[hāo] 好好儿 hǎohāor in perfectly good condition
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 都
 +
| [dōu] all<br />[dū] (=首都 shǒudū) capital city
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 然
 +
| [rán] right, correct, so, like that; 虽然 suīrán although; 忽然 hūrán suddenly; 当然 dāngrán of course; 自然 zìrán nature
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 没(F沒)
 +
| [méi] (=没有 méiyǒu) haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?<br />[mò] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 日
 +
| [rì] sun, (=日子 rìzi) day; 日记 rìjì diary; 日光 rìguāng sunlight<br />{Compare with 曰 yuē say, 目 mù eye and 甘 gān sweet}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 于
 +
| [yú] <family name>, (F於) in, at, for, to, from, by, than<br />{Compare with 千 qiān thousand and 干 gān stem}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 起
 +
| [qǐ] rise, start; 起来 qǐlai get up; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me<br />[qi] (when used as a verb complement)
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 还(F還)
 +
| [hái] still, yet<br />[huán] return, give back
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 发
 +
| [fā] (F發) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand<br />[fà] (F髮) hair<br />[fa] (F髮) 头发 tóufa hair
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 成
 +
| [chéng] (=成为 chéngwéi, =变成 biànchéng) become, <family name>; 成功 chénggōng succeed; 完成 wánchéng accomplish, complete, fulfill; 成语 chéngyǔ idiom
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 事
 +
| [shì] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility; 事情 shìqing situation
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 只(F祇)
 +
| [zhǐ] only, just, merely, <classifier implying "one of a pair", animals, vessels, utensils, etc.>; 一只猫 yì zhǐ māo a cat<br />[zhī] (F隻) single, one, only<br />{Compare with 兄 xiōng brother}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 作
 +
| [zuò] do, make; 工作 gōngzuò work; 作业 zuòyè homework<br />[zuó] 作践 zuójian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult<br />[zuō] do
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 当
 +
| [dāng] (F當) serve as, (F噹) ding-dong<br />[dàng] (F當) proper, right, equal, (=当作 dàngzuò) treat as, regard as
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 想
 +
| [xiǎng] think, feel, consider, want, remember
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 看
 +
| [kàn] see, look at, read, think, consider<br />[kān] look after, tend; 看守 kānshǒu guard
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 文
 +
| [wén] language, literature, <family name>; 文化 wénhuà culture; 中文 Zhōngwén Chinese (written) language
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 无(F無)
 +
| [wú] without, nothingness, have not<br />[mó] 南无 nánmó <Sanskrit> to give oneself totally to<br />{Compare with 天 tiān heaven}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 开(F開)
 +
| [kāi] open; 开始 kāishǐ begin 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold<br />[kai] (when used as a verb complement)<br />{Compare with 并 bìng combine}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 手
 +
| [shǒu] hand, a person skilled in something; 挥手 huīshǒu wave; 拍手 pāishǒu clap; 握手 wòshǒu shake/clasp hands<br />{Compare with 毛 máo hair}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 十(A拾)
 +
| [shí] ten; 十三 shísān thirteen; 五十 wǔshí fifty; 十月 shíyuè October
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 用
 +
| [yòng] use; 好用 hǎoyòng useful; 不用 búyòng there's no need; 使用 shǐyòng use, apply<br />{Compare with 甩 shuǎi swing}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 主
 +
| [zhǔ] lord, master, host, god, (=主要 zhǔyào) main, primary; 主义 zhǔyì doctrine, ~ism; 主页 zhùyè homepage<br />{Compare with 王 wáng king}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 行
 +
| [xíng] go, OK; 行动 xíngdòng action, operation, move, get about, act<br />[háng] line; 银行 yínháng bank; 行业 hángyè profession<br />[hàng] 树行子 shùhàngzi rows of trees<br />[héng] (phonetic radical)
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 方
 +
| [fāng] side, square; 地方 dìfang place; 方面 fāngmiàn aspect<br />{Compare with 万 wàn ten thousand}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 又
 +
| [yòu] again, both... and...
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 如
 +
| [rú] like, as, as if, (=如果 rúguǒ) if; 如此 rúcǐ like this
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 前
 +
| [qián] in front, previous, ago, former, first; 前天 the day before yesterday
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 所
 +
| [suǒ] place; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore; 所有 suǒyǒu all; 厕所 cèsuǒ toilet
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 本
 +
| [běn] basis, origin, edition, <classifier for books, periodicals, files, etc.>; 本人 běnrén I, me, myself; 日本 Rìběn Japan<br />{Compare with 木 mù tree}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 见(F見)
 +
| [jiàn] appear to be, meet with, call on, (=看见 kànjian) see; 意见 yìjian idea, view, opinion; 听见 tīngjiàn hear<br />[xiàn] show, appear, become visible<br />{Compare with 贝 bèi shellfish}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 经(F經)
 +
| [jīng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin), scripture, constant, regular, <family name>, deal with, (=经纪 jīngjì) manage (a business); 已经 yǐjing already; 经过 jīngguò pass, go through; 经验 jīngyàn experience; 经由 jīngyóu via, by way of; 经常 jīngcháng frequent, daily; 易经 Yìjīng Book of Changes;
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 头(F頭)
 +
| [tóu] head, top, first, <classifier for livestock, garlic, etc.>; 头发 tóufa hair<br />[tou] 石头 shítou stone
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 面
 +
| [miàn] face, surface, <classifier for mirrors, flags, etc.>, (F麵) wheat flour, (=面条 miàntiáo) noodle; 面包 miànbāo bread
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 公
 +
| [gōng] public, official; 公里 gōnglǐ kilometer; 办公室 bànggōngshì office; 公司 gōngsī company; 公共 gōnggòng public, communal, common; 公共汽车 gōnggòngqìchē (public) bus; 李公 Lǐgōng (honorable and old) Mr Li
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 同
 +
| [tóng] same, with; 同志 tóngzhì comrade<br />[tòng] (F衕) 胡同 hútòng lane
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 三(A叁)
 +
| [sān] three; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 三月 sānyuè March
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 已
 +
| [yǐ] stop, cease, end, (=已经 yǐjīng) already<br />{Compare with 己 jǐ self, which is "open" on the left side}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 老
 +
| [lǎo] old, venerable, outdated; 老师 lǎoshī teacher; 老虎 lǎohǔ tiger; 老张 lǎo Zhāng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 从(F從)
 +
| [cóng] from, through, join, follower, secondary<br />[cōng] 黑从从 hēicōngcōng murky
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 动(F動)
 +
| [dòng] move, change, arouce; 动物 dòngwù animal; 活动 huódòng activity; 运动 yùndòng sports
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 两(F兩)
 +
| [liǎng] two (before classifier), 50 grams
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 长(F長)
 +
| [cháng] long, lasting, length<br />[zhǎng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 知
 +
| [zhī] realize, sense, inform, tell, (=知道 zhīdao) know; 知识 zhīshi knowledge<br />[zhì] (=智 zhì) wit, (=智慧 zhìhuì) wisdom, (=智力 zhìlì) intellect
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 民
 +
| [mín] (=人民 rénmín) people, <family name>; 民主 mǐnzhǔ democracy
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 样(F樣)
 +
| [yàng] appearance, shape, form, manner; 这样 zhèyàng like this; 怎么样 zěnmeyàng how? in what way?
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 现(F現)
 +
| [xiàn] show, appear, current; 现在 xiànzài now; 发现 fāxiàn discover; 现代 xiàndài modern
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 分
 +
| [fēn] divide, fraction, minute, cent; 百分之五 bǎifēnzhīwǔ = 5/100 = 5%<br />[fèn] limits of rights or duty
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 将(F將)
 +
| [jiāng] shall; 将来 jiānglái future<br />[jiàng] general, a piece in Chinese chess 麻将 májiàng mahjongg
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 外
 +
| [wài] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones mother's/sisters/wife's side; 外孙 wàisūn daugthers son; 外国人 wàiguórén foreigner; 意外 yìwài unexpected<br />{Compare with 处 chù place}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 但
 +
| [dàn] (=但是 dànshì) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 身
 +
| [shēn] life, incarnation, <classifier for suits of clothing>, (=身体 shēntǐ) body; 亲身 qīnshēn in person, personally
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 些
 +
| [xiē] some, <classifier for plural or indefinite/small amount>; 一些 yìxiē a number of, some; 这些人 zhèxiē rén these people
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 与(F與)
 +
| [yǔ] give, offer, help, support, and<br />[yù] 参与 cānyù participate in<br />[yú] 欤 <interrogative/esclamative particle><br />{Compare with 写 xiě write}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 高
 +
| [gāo] high, tall, loud, <polite> your, <family name>; 提高 tígāo improve; 高兴 gāoxìng happy; 高见 gāojiàn <polite> your opinion/idea
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 意
 +
| [yì] (=意思 yìsi, =意义 yìyì) meaning, idea, (=愿意 yuànyi) wish, desire; 意图 yìtú intention; 意见 yìjian opinion; 意大利 Yìdàlì Italy
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 进(F進)
 +
| [jìn] enter, go forward, recieve, drink, eat, submit; 进步 jìnbù progress
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 把
 +
| [bǎ] grasp, hold, handle, <classifier for things with handles, handfuls, chairs, etc.><br />[bà] 把子 bàzi, 把儿 bàr handle
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 法
 +
| [fǎ] (=法律 fǎlǜ) law, (=办法 bànfǎ) method; 法国 Fǎguó France
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 此
 +
| [cǐ] this; 如此 rúcǐ (=这样 zhèyàng) like this; 此地 cǐdì (=这里 zhèlǐ) here, at this place
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 实(F實)
 +
| [shí] solid, true, real; 事实 shìshí fact; 实际上 shíjìshang actually; 实在 shízài really
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 回
 +
| [huí] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui (ethnic minority), <classifier for chapters, times, etc.>; 回来 huílái come back; 回去 huíqù go back; 回答 huídá answer
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 二(A贰)
 +
| [èr] two; 二月 èryuè February
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 理
 +
| [lǐ] principle; 理论 lǐlùn theory; 管理 guǎnlǐ manage; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 美
 +
| [měi] (=美丽 meilì) beautiful, (=好 hǎo) good, (=美德 měidé) virtue, <family name>; 美国 Měiguó USA; 美元 měiyuán US$ 美家 měijiā artist
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 点(F點)
 +
| [diǎn] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit, appoint time, select, choose, order food/drink, <classifier for small amounts>, (=点火 diǎnhuǒ) light a fire; 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 点头 diǎntóu nod one's head
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 月
 +
| [yuè] month, (=月亮 yuèliang, =月球 yuèqiú) moon
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 明
 +
| [míng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), <family name>; 明白 míngbai clear, understand; 明天 míngtiān tomorrow
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 其
 +
| [qí] its, that, such, they, them; 其他 qítā other; 尤其 yóuqí especially<br />[jī] anniversary
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 种(F種)
 +
| [zhǒng] kind, sort, breed, race<br />[zhòng] to plant, cultivate
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 声(F聲)
 +
| [shēng] voice, declaration, (=声音 shēngyīn) sound, <classifier for sounds>; 声名 shēngmíng reputation, fame, statement, declaration
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 全
 +
| [quán] whole, entire, total, complete, <family name>; 完全 wánquán completely; 安全 ānquán safety
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 工
 +
| [gōng] (=工作 gōngzuò) work, job; 工人 gōngrén worker
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 己
 +
| [jǐ] (=自己 zìjǐ) self<br />{Compare with 已 yǐ already, which is "closed" on the left side}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 话(F話)
 +
| [huà] speech, word, language, dialect, (=说话 shuōhuà) talk, speak<br />[huo] 白话 báihuo = báihuà vernacular, empty talk
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 儿(F兒)
 +
| [ér] child; 儿子 érzi son; 女儿 nǚ'ér daughter<br />[r] (noun suffix); 这儿 zhèr here; 那儿 nàr there<br />[rén] (when referring to the radical)<br />{Compare with 兄 xiōng brother, 几 jǐ table, 臾 yú moment}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 者
 +
| [zhě] one who...; 作者 zuòzhě author; 和平主义者 hépíngzhǔyìzhě pacifist
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 向
 +
| [xiàng] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways, <family name>, (F嚮) direction, towards, (F曏) formerly, previously; 向者 xiàngzhě formerly, once upon a time
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 情
 +
| [qíng] sensibility, (=感情 gǎnqíng) feeling, emotion; 爱情 àiqíng love
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 部
 +
| [bù] (=部分 bùfen) part, section, unit, <classifier for film, large books, machines, etc.>, (=部队 bùduì) troops, army; 西部 xībù western part; 全部 quánbù entire
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 正
 +
| [zhèng] right, straight, upright, correct<br />[zhēng] 正月 zhēngyuè, 新正 xīnzhēng the 1st month of lunar year
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 名
 +
| [míng] (=名字 míngzi) name, personal name, reputation, famous, <classifier for persons with professional or prominent social identities, e.g. students, doctors, soldiers, workers>; 著名 zhùmíng famous; 名词 míngcí noun
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 定
 +
| [dìng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (=决定 juédìng) decide; 一定 yídìng definite
 +
|-
 +
||fetsi
 +
|  | 女
 +
| [nǚ] female, (=女人 nǚrén, =妇女 fùnǚ) woman
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 问(F問)
 +
| [wèn] ask, examine; 问题 wèntí question, problem; 访问 fǎngwèn visit
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 力
 +
| [lì] (=活力 nénglì) energy, vitality, <family name>, (=力量 lìliang) strength, force
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 机(F機)
 +
| [jī] (=机器 jīqi) machine; 收音机 shōuyīnjī radio; 飞机 fēijī aircraft
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 给(F給)
 +
| [gěi] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; 送给 sònggěi send/present to<br />[jǐ] give, supply, provide, (=供给 gōngjǐ) provide
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 等
 +
| [děng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc.
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 几
 +
| [jī] small table, (F幾) 几乎 jīhū almost<br />[jǐ] (F幾) how many?, a few, (used in numerals)<br />{Compare with 儿 ér child}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 很
 +
| [hěn] very, quite; 很好 hěnhǎo very good; 很不错! hěn búcuò! not bad at all!
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 业(F業)
 +
| [yè] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of study, engage in, <family name>; 商业 shāngyè commerce; 工业 gōngyè industry; 作业 zuòyè homework
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 最
 +
| [zuì] most, marking for superlative; 最近 zuìjìn recently/soon; 最喜欢 zuì xǐhuan favorite
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 间(F間)
 +
| [jiān] room, between, locality, within given time or space, <classifier for rooms><br />[jiàn] gap, interval<br />[gān] 半间不界 bàn'gānbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 新
 +
| [xīn] new, renew; 重新 chóngxīn again; 新闻 xīnwén news
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 什(F甚)
 +
| [shén] 什么 shénme what?<br />[shí] (=十 shí) ten
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 打
 +
| [dǎ] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific meaning determined by its object); 打算 dǎsuan plan, intend; 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold; 打击 dǎjī strike, hitt, attack, assault<br />[dá] dozen
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 便
 +
| [biàn] (=方便 fāngbiàn) convenient<br />[pián] 便宜 piányi cheap<br />{Compare with 使 shǐ send and 更 gèng more}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 位
 +
| [wèi] place, location, position, <polite classifier for people>
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 因
 +
| [yīn] cause, (=因为 yīnwèi) because, (=原因 yuányīn) reason
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 重
 +
| [zhòng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (=沉重 chénzhòng) heavy, weighty, (=重要 zhòngyào) important<br />[chóng] again
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 被
 +
| [bèi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice)<br />[pī] 被服 pīfú = bèifú bedding and clothing, something one hangs on to
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 走
 +
| [zǒu] go, walk, leave
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 电(F電)
 +
| [diàn] (=闪电 shǎndiàn) (flash of) lightning, (=电气 diànqì) electricity; 电话 diànhuà phone; 电脑 diànnǎo computer
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 四(A肆)
 +
| [sì] four; 四周 sìzhōu all around; 四月 sìyuè April
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 第
 +
| [dì] indicating ordinal number, ~th; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 第一次 dì-yī cì 1st time
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 门(F門)
 +
| [mén] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, <family name>, <classifier for courses, braches of science, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 部门 bùmén department; 门铃 ménlíng doorbell
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 相
 +
| [xiāng] each other, mutual, mode, phase, <family name><br />[xiàng] look at, appearance, photo
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 次
 +
| [cì] occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times; 两次 liǎng cì twice
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 东(F東)
 +
| [dōng] master, owner, <family name> (=东方 dōngfāng) east; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 东西 dōngxi thing, creature<br />{Compare with 车 chē vehicle}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 政
 +
| [zhèng] (=政治 zhèngzhì) politics, political affairs, (=政府 zhèngfǔ) government
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 海
 +
| [hǎi] sea, big lake, <family name>, (=海洋 hǎiyáng, =大海 dàhǎi) sea, ocean
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 口
 +
| [kǒu] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, <classifier for mouthfuls, people, wells, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 人口 rénkǒu population
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 使
 +
| [shǐ] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (=使用 shǐyòng) use, apply<br />{Compare with 吏 lì and 便 biàn official}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 教
 +
| [jiāo] teach; 王老师教数学. Wáng lǎoshī jiāo shùxué. Teacher Wang teaches math.<br />[jiào] cause, ask to, teach; 教师 jiàoshī teacher, instructor; 教育 jiàoyù education
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 西
 +
| [xī] west, western; 东西 dōngxi thing; 西北 xīběi northwest
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 再
 +
| [zài] again, once more; 再见 zàijiàn goodbye
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 平
 +
| [píng] flat, level, even; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 和平 hépíng peace; 平常 píngcháng ordinary, common, usually<br />{Compare with 半 bàn half}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 真
 +
| [zhēn] true, genuine, really<br />{There are two ways of writing this character!}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 听(F聽)
 +
| [tīng] listen; 听见 tīngjiàn hear; 听不懂 tīngbudǒng don't understand (by listening)
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 世
 +
| [shì] generation, <family name>, (=世界 shìjiè) world; 世纪 shìjì century
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 气(F氣)
 +
| [qì] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; 天气 tiānqi weather
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 信
 +
| [xìn] letter, message, information, (=相信 xiāngxìn) belive in; 信封 xìnfēng envelope
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 北
 +
| [běi] north; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 北京 Běijīng
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 少
 +
| [shǎo] few, little, less, lack<br />[shào] young; 少年 shàonián juvenile
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 关(F關)
 +
| [guān] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part; 关系 guānxi connection; 关于 guānyú concerning
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 并
 +
| [bìng] (F併) combine, merge, (F並) and, equally, truly<br />[bīng] 并州 Bìng Zhōu (Taiyuan in Shanxi)<br />{Compare with 开 kāi open}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 内(F內)
 +
| [nèi] inside; 内容 nèiróng content<br />{Compare with 肉 ròu meat and 丙 bǐng third}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 加
 +
| [jiā] add, plus, append, (=增加 zēngjiā) increase; 参加 cānjiā join
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 化
 +
| [huà] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (=变化 biànhuà) change, transform<br />[huā] (=花 huā) spend
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 由
 +
| [yóu] from, let, (=由于 yóuyú) due to, (=理由 lǐyóu) cause, reason; 自由 zìyóu freedom<br />{Compare with 甲 jiǎ helmet and 申 shēn explain}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 却(F卻)
 +
| [què] however, but, yet
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 代
 +
| [dài] (=代表 dàibiǎo) represent, (=时代 shídài) generation, period, epoch, <classifier for periods>; 现代 xiàndài modern (times); 上代 shàngdài previous generation
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 军(F軍)
 +
| [jūn] army, military, troops
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 产(F產)
 +
| [chǎn] give birth to, (=产生 chǎnshēng) produce, (=产品 chǎnpǐn) product
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 入
 +
| [rù] (=进入 jìnrù) enter, get into; 收入 shōurù income<br />{Compare with 人 rén person}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 先
 +
| [xiān] first, before, earlier; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir; 祖先 zǔxiān = 先辈 xiānbèi ancestor<br />{Compare with 失 shī lose}
 +
|-
 +
||cmana
 +
|  | 山
 +
| [shān] hill, mountain, <family name>; 火山 huǒshān volcano; 山脉 shānmài mountain range
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 五(A伍)
 +
| [wǔ] five; 五月 wǔyuè May
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 太
 +
| [tài] great, very, too; 太太 tàitai Madame; 太阳 tàiyáng sun, sunshine<br />{Compare with 大 dà big}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 水
 +
| [shuǐ] water, liquid, <family name>; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 水果 shuǐguǒ fruit; 药水 yàoshuǐ liquid medecine<br />{Compare with 永 yǒng forever}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 万(F萬)
 +
| [wàn] ten thousand, myriad, <family name>; 万岁 wànsuì long live<br />[Mò] 万俟 Mòqí <family name><br />{Compare with 方 fāng square}
 +
|-
 +
||
 +
|  | 市
 +
| [shì] (=市场 shìchǎng) market, (=城市 chéngshì) city, town
 +
|}

Revision as of 12:06, 11 July 2014

Hanzi Chinese orthography uses Hanzi characters instead of most common brivla and digits. lujvo are expressed using a special separator |.

This can make Lojban easily readable (but of course not immediately pronouncable) by most speakers of Chinese dialects.

Some examples of Hanzi:

namcu
Hanzi Lojban
no
pa
re
ci
vo
mu
xa
ze
bi
so
Lojban Character Pronunciations and explanations
[de] <grammatical particle marking genitive as well as simple and composed adjectives>; 我的 wǒde my; 高的 gāode high, tall; 是的 shìde that's it, that's right; 是...的 shì...de one who...; 他是说汉语的. Tā shì shuō Hànyǔde. He is one who speaks Chinese.
[dì] 目的 mùdì goal
[dí] true, real; 的确 díquè certainly
pa 一(A壹) [yī] one, a little; 第一 dì-yī first, primary; 看一看 kànyīkàn have a (quick) look at
[yí] (used before tone #4); 一个人 yí gè rén one person; 一定 yídìng certain; 一样 yíyàng same; 一月yíyuè January
[yì] (used before tones #2 and #3); 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 一些 yìxiē some
{Compare with 幺(F么) yāo, which also means "one"}
[shì] to be, 是不是? shìbushì? is (it) or is (it) not?; 是否 shìfǒu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not?
[bù] not
[bú] (used before tone #4); 不是 bú shì isn't
co'i [le] <verb particle marking a new situation or a completed action>; 你来了! Nǐ láile! You have come! 我累了! Wǒ lèile! I've gotten tired! 那好了! Nà hǎole! That's OK (now)! 我只请了一位客人. Wǒ zhǐ qǐngle yí wèi kèren. I invited only one guest.
[liǎo] end, finish, settle, dispose of, know clearly, to be able, (=了解 liǎojiě) understand, comprehend; 了了 liǎoliaǒ clearly understand, settle (a debt/etc.), to be intelligent; 了了 liǎole to be over/ended/finnish/settled; 你卖不了! Nǐ mài bùliǎo! You will not be able to sell (it)!

[liào] (=瞭 liaò) to survey/watch {Compare with 子 zǐ child}

prenu [rén] person; 人类 rénlèi humankind; 有人吗? yǒu rén ma? Is there anybody here?
{Compare with 入 rù enter}
mi [wǒ] I, me, my; 我们 wǒmen we, us
{Compare with 找 zhǎo seek}
[zài] at; 现在 xiànzài now; 存在 cúnzài exist
[yǒu] have, there is; 没有 méiyǒu haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?; 有的 yǒude some
[yòu] (=又 yòu) again, both... and...
ra [tā] he, him, his, (she, her, it, its), (=其他 qítā) other
[tuō] (in classical texts) someone else, something else
这(F這) [zhè] this; 这儿 zhèr here
[zhèi] this (before classifier)
[zhōng] middle, in; 中国 Zhōngguó China
[zhòng] hit (a target)
[dà] big; 多大? duōdà? how large?; 大小 dàxiǎo size; 大家 dàjiā everybody
[dài] 大夫 dàifu doctor
{Compare with 太 tài very and 木 mù tree}
来(F來) [lái] come; 原来 yuánlái originally, as a matter of fact; 来年 láinián coming/next year(s)
[lai] (when used as a verb complement); 起来 qǐlai get up
[shàng] above, on, over, top, (go) up, last, previous
[shǎng] 上声 shǎngshēng 3rd tone in Mandarin
[shang] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with 下 xià under}
国(F國) [guó] (=国家 guójiā) country, state, nation, <family name>; 中国 Zhōngguó China; 美国 Měiguó USA
个(F個,箇) [gè] <general and non-specific classifier>; 个人 gèrén personal; 个人主页 gèrénzhùyè personal homepage
[gě] 自个 zìgě oneself
[dào] to, towards, until, arrive, reach
说(F說) [shuō] explain, scold, refer to, (=说话 shuōhuà) speak, say; 游说 yóushuō persuade
[shuì] try to persuade; 游说 yóushuì lobbying
们(F們) [men] <pluralizing suffix for pronouns and nouns referring to persons>; 我们 wǒmen we; 人们 rénmen people, persons
为(F為) [wèi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection
[wéi] do, act, act as, be, become; 认为 rènwéi think or believe that...; 以为 yǐwéi think or believe erroneously that...
{Compare with 办 bàn do}
verba [zǐ] child, son; 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters; 儿子 érzi son
[zi] (noun suffix); 桌子 zhuōzi table
{Compare with 了 le <particle>}
[hé] together, with, (F龢) harmony, gentle, mild, kind, <family name>; 和平 hépíng peace
[Hé] Japan
[huo] 暖和 nuǎnhuo nice and warm
[hè] join in singing, compose a poem in reply
[huó] mix with water
[huò] mix, blend
[hú] complete a set in Mahjong
[nǐ] (Alternative feminine form: 妳 nǐ) you, your; 你们 nǐmen you (plural)
[dì] earth, ground, soil, place, position, distance; 地支 dìzhī the Twelve Terrestrial Branches
[de] <adverbial particle: descripion + 地 + verb>, ~ly; 快地走 kuàide zǒu walk quickly
[chū] go out, come out, in direction out from something, emit, issue, prouce; 出现 chūxiàn appear, emerge, (F齣) <classifier for operas and plays>
[dào] way, path, channel, way, say, a streak (of light), doctrine, <classifier for rivers, topics, etc.>, (=道教 Dàojiào) Taoism; 知道 zhīdao know
[dǎo] (=导 dǎo) lead; 领道 = 领导 lǐngdǎo leader
[yě] also, as well; 也许 yěxǔ perhaps
时(F時) [shí] period, season, (=时间 shíjiān, =时候 shíhou) time, (=小时 xiǎoshí) hour
[nián] year, <family name>; 今年 jīnnián this year; 明年 míngnián next year; 去年 qùnián last year; 中年 zhōngnián middle age
[de] <adverbial particle: verb + 得 + descripion>; 走得快 zǒude kuài walk quickly
[dé] get, reach, achieve
[děi] should
[jiù] just, simply, right away; 就要 jiùyào about to (do something); 这就是我! Zhè jiùshì wǒ! This is simply me!; 他就要去. Tā jiùyào qù. He is about to leave.
[nà] that
[nèi] that (before classifier)
[nuó] 禅那 chánnuó deep meditation
[nuò] 无那 wúnuò helpless, unfortunately
[nǎ] (=哪 nǎ) what?
[něi] (=哪 něi before classifier) which?
[yào] want, will, shall, need, important, essential; 主要 zhǔyào main, fundamental
[yāo] 要求 yāoqiú demand
[xià] below, under, (go) down, next (as opposed to previous/last)
{Compare with 上 shàng above}
[yǐ] use, take, according to, because of, in order to; 可以 kěyǐ OK, may; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore, as a result; 以外 yǐwài beyond, except
[shēng] give birth, life; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir
会(F會) [huì] can, able, meet, meeting, society, union, party
[kuài] 会计 kuàijì accounting
[huǐ] 会儿 huìr moment
[zì] from, since, (=自己 zìjǐ) self; 自然 zìrán nature
{Compare with 目 mù eye and 白 bái white}
着(F著) [zhe] <verb particle marking a continuing progress/state>
[zháo] touch
[zhuó] wear clothes, dress, touch
[zhāo] put in, add, (F招) make move in chess, trick, decieve
[qù] go, leave, depart (opposite of 来 lái)
[zhī] <subordinator similar to 的 de>, it (in classical texts)
过(F過) [guò] pass, cross, go by, exceed, <verb particle marking that someone has had the experience of doing something, that it has happened at least once>; 过马路 guò mǎlù cross the street; 我去过中国两次. wǒ qùguo Zhōngguó liǎng cì. I have gone to China twice.
[jiā] home, house, family; 国家 guójiā nation; 大家 dàjiā everybody
[jie] 整天家 zhěngtiānjie all day long; 家里 jiālǐ (at) home, (in the) family
学(F學) [xué] study, learn; 学校 xuéxiào school; 学生 xuésheng student
{Compare with 字 zì written character}
对(F對) [duì] correct, answer, treat, agree, mutual, pair; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me
[kě] ~able, (=可以 kěyǐ) may, can, (=可是 kěshì) but, however; 可爱 kě'ài loveable, cute; 可能 kě'néng possible, probable, maybe; 可口可乐 kěkǒukělè Coca Cola
[kè] 可汗 kèhán khan
[tā] she, her
[lǐ] neighbourhood, half kilometer, <family name>, (F裏,裡) in, inside, lining; 哪里? nǎli? where?; 那里 nàli there; 这里 zhèli here
[hòu] queen, (F後) after, behind, <family name>; 后天 hòutiān the day after tomorrow
[xiǎo] small; 大小 dàxiǎo size
[me/mo] (F麼,末) (interrogative suffix) 什么? shénme? what?; 为什么? wèishénme? why? 没什么! méi shénme! It doesn't matter!, Never mind!; 怎么? zěnme? how?
[yāo] (S幺) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone numbers)
[xīn] heart; 小心 xiǎoxīn be careful; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality; 中心 zhōngxīn center
[duō] many, much, more; 多大 duōdà how large?; 多少 duōshǎo how many/much?
[tiān] sky, heaven, god, day, (=天空 tiānkōng) sky; 天气 tiānqì weather
{天干 tiāngān the Ten Heavenly Stems: 甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸 jiǎ-yǐ-bǐng-dīng-wù-jǐ-gēng-xīn-rén-guǐ (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with 夫 fū man and 无 wú without}
[ér] (=而且 érqiě) and, furthermore, (=然而 rán'ér) yet, even so
[néng] can, be able; 能够 nénggòu be capable of; 可能 kě'néng maybe
[hǎo] good, good to..., easy to...; 你好! Nǐhǎo! Hello!
[hào] to like
[hāo] 好好儿 hǎohāor in perfectly good condition
[dōu] all
[dū] (=首都 shǒudū) capital city
[rán] right, correct, so, like that; 虽然 suīrán although; 忽然 hūrán suddenly; 当然 dāngrán of course; 自然 zìrán nature
没(F沒) [méi] (=没有 méiyǒu) haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?
[mò] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate
[rì] sun, (=日子 rìzi) day; 日记 rìjì diary; 日光 rìguāng sunlight
{Compare with 曰 yuē say, 目 mù eye and 甘 gān sweet}
[yú] <family name>, (F於) in, at, for, to, from, by, than
{Compare with 千 qiān thousand and 干 gān stem}
[qǐ] rise, start; 起来 qǐlai get up; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me
[qi] (when used as a verb complement)
还(F還) [hái] still, yet
[huán] return, give back
[fā] (F發) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand
[fà] (F髮) hair
[fa] (F髮) 头发 tóufa hair
[chéng] (=成为 chéngwéi, =变成 biànchéng) become, <family name>; 成功 chénggōng succeed; 完成 wánchéng accomplish, complete, fulfill; 成语 chéngyǔ idiom
[shì] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility; 事情 shìqing situation
只(F祇) [zhǐ] only, just, merely, <classifier implying "one of a pair", animals, vessels, utensils, etc.>; 一只猫 yì zhǐ māo a cat
[zhī] (F隻) single, one, only
{Compare with 兄 xiōng brother}
[zuò] do, make; 工作 gōngzuò work; 作业 zuòyè homework
[zuó] 作践 zuójian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult
[zuō] do
[dāng] (F當) serve as, (F噹) ding-dong
[dàng] (F當) proper, right, equal, (=当作 dàngzuò) treat as, regard as
[xiǎng] think, feel, consider, want, remember
[kàn] see, look at, read, think, consider
[kān] look after, tend; 看守 kānshǒu guard
[wén] language, literature, <family name>; 文化 wénhuà culture; 中文 Zhōngwén Chinese (written) language
无(F無) [wú] without, nothingness, have not
[mó] 南无 nánmó <Sanskrit> to give oneself totally to
{Compare with 天 tiān heaven}
开(F開) [kāi] open; 开始 kāishǐ begin 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold
[kai] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with 并 bìng combine}
[shǒu] hand, a person skilled in something; 挥手 huīshǒu wave; 拍手 pāishǒu clap; 握手 wòshǒu shake/clasp hands
{Compare with 毛 máo hair}
十(A拾) [shí] ten; 十三 shísān thirteen; 五十 wǔshí fifty; 十月 shíyuè October
[yòng] use; 好用 hǎoyòng useful; 不用 búyòng there's no need; 使用 shǐyòng use, apply
{Compare with 甩 shuǎi swing}
[zhǔ] lord, master, host, god, (=主要 zhǔyào) main, primary; 主义 zhǔyì doctrine, ~ism; 主页 zhùyè homepage
{Compare with 王 wáng king}
[xíng] go, OK; 行动 xíngdòng action, operation, move, get about, act
[háng] line; 银行 yínháng bank; 行业 hángyè profession
[hàng] 树行子 shùhàngzi rows of trees
[héng] (phonetic radical)
[fāng] side, square; 地方 dìfang place; 方面 fāngmiàn aspect
{Compare with 万 wàn ten thousand}
[yòu] again, both... and...
[rú] like, as, as if, (=如果 rúguǒ) if; 如此 rúcǐ like this
[qián] in front, previous, ago, former, first; 前天 the day before yesterday
[suǒ] place; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore; 所有 suǒyǒu all; 厕所 cèsuǒ toilet
[běn] basis, origin, edition, <classifier for books, periodicals, files, etc.>; 本人 běnrén I, me, myself; 日本 Rìběn Japan
{Compare with 木 mù tree}
见(F見) [jiàn] appear to be, meet with, call on, (=看见 kànjian) see; 意见 yìjian idea, view, opinion; 听见 tīngjiàn hear
[xiàn] show, appear, become visible
{Compare with 贝 bèi shellfish}
经(F經) [jīng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin), scripture, constant, regular, <family name>, deal with, (=经纪 jīngjì) manage (a business); 已经 yǐjing already; 经过 jīngguò pass, go through; 经验 jīngyàn experience; 经由 jīngyóu via, by way of; 经常 jīngcháng frequent, daily; 易经 Yìjīng Book of Changes;
头(F頭) [tóu] head, top, first, <classifier for livestock, garlic, etc.>; 头发 tóufa hair
[tou] 石头 shítou stone
[miàn] face, surface, <classifier for mirrors, flags, etc.>, (F麵) wheat flour, (=面条 miàntiáo) noodle; 面包 miànbāo bread
[gōng] public, official; 公里 gōnglǐ kilometer; 办公室 bànggōngshì office; 公司 gōngsī company; 公共 gōnggòng public, communal, common; 公共汽车 gōnggòngqìchē (public) bus; 李公 Lǐgōng (honorable and old) Mr Li
[tóng] same, with; 同志 tóngzhì comrade
[tòng] (F衕) 胡同 hútòng lane
三(A叁) [sān] three; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 三月 sānyuè March
[yǐ] stop, cease, end, (=已经 yǐjīng) already
{Compare with 己 jǐ self, which is "open" on the left side}
[lǎo] old, venerable, outdated; 老师 lǎoshī teacher; 老虎 lǎohǔ tiger; 老张 lǎo Zhāng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang
从(F從) [cóng] from, through, join, follower, secondary
[cōng] 黑从从 hēicōngcōng murky
动(F動) [dòng] move, change, arouce; 动物 dòngwù animal; 活动 huódòng activity; 运动 yùndòng sports
两(F兩) [liǎng] two (before classifier), 50 grams
长(F長) [cháng] long, lasting, length
[zhǎng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder
[zhī] realize, sense, inform, tell, (=知道 zhīdao) know; 知识 zhīshi knowledge
[zhì] (=智 zhì) wit, (=智慧 zhìhuì) wisdom, (=智力 zhìlì) intellect
[mín] (=人民 rénmín) people, <family name>; 民主 mǐnzhǔ democracy
样(F樣) [yàng] appearance, shape, form, manner; 这样 zhèyàng like this; 怎么样 zěnmeyàng how? in what way?
现(F現) [xiàn] show, appear, current; 现在 xiànzài now; 发现 fāxiàn discover; 现代 xiàndài modern
[fēn] divide, fraction, minute, cent; 百分之五 bǎifēnzhīwǔ = 5/100 = 5%
[fèn] limits of rights or duty
将(F將) [jiāng] shall; 将来 jiānglái future
[jiàng] general, a piece in Chinese chess 麻将 májiàng mahjongg
[wài] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones mother's/sisters/wife's side; 外孙 wàisūn daugthers son; 外国人 wàiguórén foreigner; 意外 yìwài unexpected
{Compare with 处 chù place}
[dàn] (=但是 dànshì) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet
[shēn] life, incarnation, <classifier for suits of clothing>, (=身体 shēntǐ) body; 亲身 qīnshēn in person, personally
[xiē] some, <classifier for plural or indefinite/small amount>; 一些 yìxiē a number of, some; 这些人 zhèxiē rén these people
与(F與) [yǔ] give, offer, help, support, and
[yù] 参与 cānyù participate in
[yú] 欤 <interrogative/esclamative particle>
{Compare with 写 xiě write}
[gāo] high, tall, loud, <polite> your, <family name>; 提高 tígāo improve; 高兴 gāoxìng happy; 高见 gāojiàn <polite> your opinion/idea
[yì] (=意思 yìsi, =意义 yìyì) meaning, idea, (=愿意 yuànyi) wish, desire; 意图 yìtú intention; 意见 yìjian opinion; 意大利 Yìdàlì Italy
进(F進) [jìn] enter, go forward, recieve, drink, eat, submit; 进步 jìnbù progress
[bǎ] grasp, hold, handle, <classifier for things with handles, handfuls, chairs, etc.>
[bà] 把子 bàzi, 把儿 bàr handle
[fǎ] (=法律 fǎlǜ) law, (=办法 bànfǎ) method; 法国 Fǎguó France
[cǐ] this; 如此 rúcǐ (=这样 zhèyàng) like this; 此地 cǐdì (=这里 zhèlǐ) here, at this place
实(F實) [shí] solid, true, real; 事实 shìshí fact; 实际上 shíjìshang actually; 实在 shízài really
[huí] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui (ethnic minority), <classifier for chapters, times, etc.>; 回来 huílái come back; 回去 huíqù go back; 回答 huídá answer
二(A贰) [èr] two; 二月 èryuè February
[lǐ] principle; 理论 lǐlùn theory; 管理 guǎnlǐ manage; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality
[měi] (=美丽 meilì) beautiful, (=好 hǎo) good, (=美德 měidé) virtue, <family name>; 美国 Měiguó USA; 美元 měiyuán US$ 美家 měijiā artist
点(F點) [diǎn] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit, appoint time, select, choose, order food/drink, <classifier for small amounts>, (=点火 diǎnhuǒ) light a fire; 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 点头 diǎntóu nod one's head
[yuè] month, (=月亮 yuèliang, =月球 yuèqiú) moon
[míng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), <family name>; 明白 míngbai clear, understand; 明天 míngtiān tomorrow
[qí] its, that, such, they, them; 其他 qítā other; 尤其 yóuqí especially
[jī] anniversary
种(F種) [zhǒng] kind, sort, breed, race
[zhòng] to plant, cultivate
声(F聲) [shēng] voice, declaration, (=声音 shēngyīn) sound, <classifier for sounds>; 声名 shēngmíng reputation, fame, statement, declaration
[quán] whole, entire, total, complete, <family name>; 完全 wánquán completely; 安全 ānquán safety
[gōng] (=工作 gōngzuò) work, job; 工人 gōngrén worker
[jǐ] (=自己 zìjǐ) self
{Compare with 已 yǐ already, which is "closed" on the left side}
话(F話) [huà] speech, word, language, dialect, (=说话 shuōhuà) talk, speak
[huo] 白话 báihuo = báihuà vernacular, empty talk
儿(F兒) [ér] child; 儿子 érzi son; 女儿 nǚ'ér daughter
[r] (noun suffix); 这儿 zhèr here; 那儿 nàr there
[rén] (when referring to the radical)
{Compare with 兄 xiōng brother, 几 jǐ table, 臾 yú moment}
[zhě] one who...; 作者 zuòzhě author; 和平主义者 hépíngzhǔyìzhě pacifist
[xiàng] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways, <family name>, (F嚮) direction, towards, (F曏) formerly, previously; 向者 xiàngzhě formerly, once upon a time
[qíng] sensibility, (=感情 gǎnqíng) feeling, emotion; 爱情 àiqíng love
[bù] (=部分 bùfen) part, section, unit, <classifier for film, large books, machines, etc.>, (=部队 bùduì) troops, army; 西部 xībù western part; 全部 quánbù entire
[zhèng] right, straight, upright, correct
[zhēng] 正月 zhēngyuè, 新正 xīnzhēng the 1st month of lunar year
[míng] (=名字 míngzi) name, personal name, reputation, famous, <classifier for persons with professional or prominent social identities, e.g. students, doctors, soldiers, workers>; 著名 zhùmíng famous; 名词 míngcí noun
[dìng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (=决定 juédìng) decide; 一定 yídìng definite
fetsi [nǚ] female, (=女人 nǚrén, =妇女 fùnǚ) woman
问(F問) [wèn] ask, examine; 问题 wèntí question, problem; 访问 fǎngwèn visit
[lì] (=活力 nénglì) energy, vitality, <family name>, (=力量 lìliang) strength, force
机(F機) [jī] (=机器 jīqi) machine; 收音机 shōuyīnjī radio; 飞机 fēijī aircraft
给(F給) [gěi] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; 送给 sònggěi send/present to
[jǐ] give, supply, provide, (=供给 gōngjǐ) provide
[děng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc.
[jī] small table, (F幾) 几乎 jīhū almost
[jǐ] (F幾) how many?, a few, (used in numerals)
{Compare with 儿 ér child}
[hěn] very, quite; 很好 hěnhǎo very good; 很不错! hěn búcuò! not bad at all!
业(F業) [yè] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of study, engage in, <family name>; 商业 shāngyè commerce; 工业 gōngyè industry; 作业 zuòyè homework
[zuì] most, marking for superlative; 最近 zuìjìn recently/soon; 最喜欢 zuì xǐhuan favorite
间(F間) [jiān] room, between, locality, within given time or space, <classifier for rooms>
[jiàn] gap, interval
[gān] 半间不界 bàn'gānbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre
[xīn] new, renew; 重新 chóngxīn again; 新闻 xīnwén news
什(F甚) [shén] 什么 shénme what?
[shí] (=十 shí) ten
[dǎ] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific meaning determined by its object); 打算 dǎsuan plan, intend; 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold; 打击 dǎjī strike, hitt, attack, assault
[dá] dozen
便 [biàn] (=方便 fāngbiàn) convenient
[pián] 便宜 piányi cheap
{Compare with 使 shǐ send and 更 gèng more}
[wèi] place, location, position, <polite classifier for people>
[yīn] cause, (=因为 yīnwèi) because, (=原因 yuányīn) reason
[zhòng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (=沉重 chénzhòng) heavy, weighty, (=重要 zhòngyào) important
[chóng] again
[bèi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice)
[pī] 被服 pīfú = bèifú bedding and clothing, something one hangs on to
[zǒu] go, walk, leave
电(F電) [diàn] (=闪电 shǎndiàn) (flash of) lightning, (=电气 diànqì) electricity; 电话 diànhuà phone; 电脑 diànnǎo computer
四(A肆) [sì] four; 四周 sìzhōu all around; 四月 sìyuè April
[dì] indicating ordinal number, ~th; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 第一次 dì-yī cì 1st time
门(F門) [mén] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, <family name>, <classifier for courses, braches of science, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 部门 bùmén department; 门铃 ménlíng doorbell
[xiāng] each other, mutual, mode, phase, <family name>
[xiàng] look at, appearance, photo
[cì] occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times; 两次 liǎng cì twice
东(F東) [dōng] master, owner, <family name> (=东方 dōngfāng) east; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 东西 dōngxi thing, creature
{Compare with 车 chē vehicle}
[zhèng] (=政治 zhèngzhì) politics, political affairs, (=政府 zhèngfǔ) government
[hǎi] sea, big lake, <family name>, (=海洋 hǎiyáng, =大海 dàhǎi) sea, ocean
[kǒu] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, <classifier for mouthfuls, people, wells, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 人口 rénkǒu population
使 [shǐ] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (=使用 shǐyòng) use, apply
{Compare with 吏 lì and 便 biàn official}
[jiāo] teach; 王老师教数学. Wáng lǎoshī jiāo shùxué. Teacher Wang teaches math.
[jiào] cause, ask to, teach; 教师 jiàoshī teacher, instructor; 教育 jiàoyù education
西 [xī] west, western; 东西 dōngxi thing; 西北 xīběi northwest
[zài] again, once more; 再见 zàijiàn goodbye
[píng] flat, level, even; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 和平 hépíng peace; 平常 píngcháng ordinary, common, usually
{Compare with 半 bàn half}
[zhēn] true, genuine, really
{There are two ways of writing this character!}
听(F聽) [tīng] listen; 听见 tīngjiàn hear; 听不懂 tīngbudǒng don't understand (by listening)
[shì] generation, <family name>, (=世界 shìjiè) world; 世纪 shìjì century
气(F氣) [qì] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; 天气 tiānqi weather
[xìn] letter, message, information, (=相信 xiāngxìn) belive in; 信封 xìnfēng envelope
[běi] north; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 北京 Běijīng
[shǎo] few, little, less, lack
[shào] young; 少年 shàonián juvenile
关(F關) [guān] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part; 关系 guānxi connection; 关于 guānyú concerning
[bìng] (F併) combine, merge, (F並) and, equally, truly
[bīng] 并州 Bìng Zhōu (Taiyuan in Shanxi)
{Compare with 开 kāi open}
内(F內) [nèi] inside; 内容 nèiróng content
{Compare with 肉 ròu meat and 丙 bǐng third}
[jiā] add, plus, append, (=增加 zēngjiā) increase; 参加 cānjiā join
[huà] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (=变化 biànhuà) change, transform
[huā] (=花 huā) spend
[yóu] from, let, (=由于 yóuyú) due to, (=理由 lǐyóu) cause, reason; 自由 zìyóu freedom
{Compare with 甲 jiǎ helmet and 申 shēn explain}
却(F卻) [què] however, but, yet
[dài] (=代表 dàibiǎo) represent, (=时代 shídài) generation, period, epoch, <classifier for periods>; 现代 xiàndài modern (times); 上代 shàngdài previous generation
军(F軍) [jūn] army, military, troops
产(F產) [chǎn] give birth to, (=产生 chǎnshēng) produce, (=产品 chǎnpǐn) product
[rù] (=进入 jìnrù) enter, get into; 收入 shōurù income
{Compare with 人 rén person}
[xiān] first, before, earlier; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir; 祖先 zǔxiān = 先辈 xiānbèi ancestor
{Compare with 失 shī lose}
cmana [shān] hill, mountain, <family name>; 火山 huǒshān volcano; 山脉 shānmài mountain range
五(A伍) [wǔ] five; 五月 wǔyuè May
[tài] great, very, too; 太太 tàitai Madame; 太阳 tàiyáng sun, sunshine
{Compare with 大 dà big}
[shuǐ] water, liquid, <family name>; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 水果 shuǐguǒ fruit; 药水 yàoshuǐ liquid medecine
{Compare with 永 yǒng forever}
万(F萬) [wàn] ten thousand, myriad, <family name>; 万岁 wànsuì long live
[Mò] 万俟 Mòqí <family name>
{Compare with 方 fāng square}
[shì] (=市场 shìchǎng) market, (=城市 chéngshì) city, town