Difference between revisions of "BPFK Section: Realis Attitudinals"

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==== Usage Examples ====
 
==== Usage Examples ====
; .u'a la'e di'u je'urja'o lo du'u mi pu drani : ''Hah, that proves I was right!''
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; .u'a la'e di'u se jetnu lo du'u mi pu drani : ''Hah, that proves I was right!''
 
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=== cmavo: .u'a nai (UI*1) ===
 
=== cmavo: .u'a nai (UI*1) ===
 
==== Proposed Definition ====
 
==== Proposed Definition ====

Revision as of 17:15, 21 June 2015

This page is imported from version 51 of the page BPFK Section: Realis Attitudinals from the lojban Tiki.

cmavo: .a'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express attentiveness / payment-of-attention / heed / concentration.

See Also

  • {jundi}
  • {re'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'a .i ko di'a co'e .i ba ku ma fasnu
Aha, go on, what happened next?


cmavo: .a'a cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express inattentiveness / distraction / non-payment of attention / heedlessness.

See Also

  • {nalju'i}
  • {re'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'a cu'i ko denpa lo nu mi mulgau ti
Eh, just a second, let me finish this.


cmavo: .a'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express avoidance / evasion / dodging.

See Also

  • {rivbi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'a nai mi na tirna.
La, la, la, I'm not listening.


cmavo: .a'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express alertness / awareness / enthusiasm / liveliness / eagerness / readiness.

See Also

  • {cikna}
  • {sanji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'e le cabdei ba xamgu djedi
Today is going to be a good day!


cmavo: .a'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express exhaustion / tiredness / weariness / fatigue / lassitude / prostration / burnout

See Also

  • {tatpi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'e nai mi klama lo ckana
Yaaaawn... I'm going to bed.


cmavo: .a'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express interest / curiosity / concern / preoccupation.

See Also

  • {selci'i}
  • {kurji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'u ma ba'o se lifri do
What happened to you?


cmavo: .a'u cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express disinterest / uninterest / unconcern / apathy / detachment / indifference.

See Also

  • {nalselci'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'u cu'i na cuntu mi
That's none of my business.


cmavo: .a'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express repulsion / aversion / disgust / distaste / repugnance.

See Also

  • {selrigni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.a'u nai ta panci simsa lo kalci
Yuck, that smells like shit!


cmavo: .i'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express acceptance / acknowledgement / admission / assent / consent / acquiescence / conformity / satisfaction

See Also

  • {selmansa}
  • {nalpro}
  • {no'epro}
  • {nalzugjdi}
  • {fi'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'a ta banzu
Okay, that will do.


cmavo: .i'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express refusal / rejection / eschewal / resistance / dissatisfaction / blame / incrimination / inculpation

See Also

  • {tolselmansa}
  • {fi'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'a nai ta mi za'o na mansa
No, that still doesn't satisfy me.


cmavo: .i'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express approval / endorsement / sanction / support / approbation / favor / praise / applause / acclaim.

See Also

  • {zanru}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'e do xautce gunka
Very good! You did an excellent job.


cmavo: .i'e cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express neither approval nor disapproval / impartiality / neutrality / nonpartisanship / objectivity.

See Also

  • {nutli}
  • {norzau}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'e cu'i lo cmaci ka'e cfipu lo co'a ve ckule
Speaking objectively, math can be confusing for 1st graders.


cmavo: .i'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express disapproval / criticism / disapprobation / disfavor / opposition / condemnation / reprobation.

See Also

  • {tolzau}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'e nai le pixra cu korcu dandu
Hm, the picture is hanging crooked.


cmavo: .i'i (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express togetherness / unanimity / communion / unity / comradeship / camaraderie / conviviality / gregariousness / sociability

See Also

  • {gunma}
  • {kansa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'i mi ba jinga
Yay! We're gonna win!
.i'i mi mi'ecpe lo se pleji nu zenba
We demand a raise!


cmavo: .i'i nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express privacy / aloofness / privateness / isolation / solitude / seclusiveness / reclusiveness / secrecy / retirement / withdrawal (selsivni, sepli

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'i nai ko cliva
Go away, I want to be alone!


cmavo: .i'o (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express appreciation / recognition / valuation / thanks / gratitude.

See Also

  • {ckire}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'o do je'a pendo
Ah, you're a true friend.


cmavo: .i'o nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express envy / jealousy / resentment / bitterness

See Also

  • {jilra}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'o nai do ro roi se funca lo zabna
Damn you, you always have good luck!


cmavo: .i'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express familiarity / acquaintanceship / recognition / conversance / grasp / ken / knowledge.

See Also

  • {selsau
  • {nalselni'o}
  • {kufra}
  • {djuno}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'u mi ta xabju ze'a lo nanca be li so'i
Yes, I lived there for many years.


cmavo: .i'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express unfamiliarity / ignorance / unknowingness / mystification / mystery.

See Also

  • {termipri}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.i'u nai no da sidbo fi mi lo du'u pleji ma kau fo ta
I have no idea how much they are paying for that.


cmavo: ii (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express fear / alarm / anxiety / fright / horror / panic / terror / apprehension / dread / phobia.

See Also

  • {terpa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ii le tirxu cu xruti
Oh, no! The tiger is back!


cmavo: ii nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express security / safeness / invulnerability

See Also

  • {snura}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ii nai le ctuca na ba tolcri mi'o ti
Heh, the teacher won't find us here.


cmavo: io (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express respect / regard / courtesy / consideration / deference / homage / kudos / recognition / obeisance / obligingness / veneration / reverence / civility / urbanity / gallantry / politeness / friendliness / affability / corteousness / cordiality / complaisance / solicitude.

See Also

  • {sinma}
  • {clite}
  • {ga'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

io ko mi jersi doi nolnau
This way, Sir, if you please.


cmavo: io nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express disrespect / contempt / discourtesy / scorn / impertinence / insolence / impoliteness / irreverence / derision / disparagement / disdain.

See Also

  • {tolsi'a}
  • {ga'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

io nai ko ti klama doi bebna
Get your ass over here, you idiot!


cmavo: iu (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudina.: Used to express love / esteem / adoration / worship / devotion / affection / fondness / sympathy

See Also

  • {prami}
  • {pendo}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

iu do melbi
You're beautiful.


cmavo: iu nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express hatred / abhorrence / antipathy / bitterness / detestation / hate / loathing / odium

See Also

  • {xebni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

iu nai do palci
You're evil.


cmavo: .o'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express pride / dignity / self-confidence / smugness / bravado / grandiloquence / pomposity / cockiness / conceit / arrogance.

See Also

  • {jgira}
  • {ga'i}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'a ju'i mamta mi kakne lo nu tcidu
Look Mummy, I can read!


cmavo: .o'a cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express modesty / humility / humbleness / discreetness / meekness / unpretentiousness / reserve

See Also

  • {cumla}
  • {ga'i nai}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'a cu'i ba'e mi lumci pi su'o po'o le loldi
Oh, *I* mopped only some part of the floor.


cmavo: .o'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express shame / abashment / embarrassment / humiliation / mortification

See Also

  • {ckeji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'a nai mi mrilu le notci lo srera noigri
Oops, I posted the message to the wrong newsgroup.


cmavo: .o'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express intimacy / closeness / affinity / sympathy / rapport.

See Also

  • {cnijbi}
  • {cnikansa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'e mi do ba kansa lo nu vitke lo mikce
I'll go with you to see the doctor.


cmavo: .o'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express distance / aloofness / coldness / antipathy.

See Also

  • {cnida'o}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'e nai doi dirba mi to'e cinmo
Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn.


cmavo: .o'i (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express caution / carefulness / prudence / vigilance.

See Also

  • {seljde}
  • {capyrivbi}
  • {capfanta}
  • {srerivbi}
  • {srefanta}
  • {naldarsi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'i le loldi cu se sakli
Careful! The floor is slippery.


cmavo: .o'i nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express rashness / audacity / dauntlessness / temerity / recklessness / imprudence / impetuosity / impulsiveness / overconfidence.

See Also

  • {darsi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'i nai ko gunta
Charge!


cmavo: .o'o (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express patience / forbearance / leniency / benevolence / indulgence / magnanimity.

See Also

  • {xendo}
  • {de'acni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'o ko za'u re'u troci
Ok, try again.


cmavo: .o'o cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express tolerance / open-mindedness / moderation / fairness / reasonableness / mildness

See Also

  • {racli}
  • {to'ersteba}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'o cu'i ma pu mukti fi do
So, what drove you to do it?


cmavo: .o'o nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express anger / annoyance / exasperation / fury / rage / impatience / indignation / irascibility / irritation / outrage / vexation / wrath / ire / intolerance.

See Also

  • {fengu}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'o nai lo xanto cu fanta lo nu mi pagre
Damn, the elephants are blocking my way!


cmavo: .o'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express relaxation / leisure / repose / peacefulness / serenity / calmness / placidity / tranquility / quietude

See Also

  • {surla}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'u ti zabna se lifri
Ah, this is the life!


cmavo: .o'u cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express composure / aplomb / balance / equanimity / imperturbability / nonchalance / sobriety / stability / phlegm.

See Also

  • {cnilanxe}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'u cu'i mi pu tinbe lo selfla
I followed the law.


cmavo: .o'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express stress / anxiety / anguish / chagrin / distress / tension / worry.

See Also

  • {dunku}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.o'u nai le mi bersa cu zvati ma
Where is my son?


cmavo: .oi (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express displeasure / discomfort / pain / discontentment / frustration / complaint / protestation.

See Also

  • {pante}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.oi mi cortu le kanla
Ouch! My eyes hurt.


cmavo: .oi nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express pleasure / comfort / contentment / delectation / delight / gratification / relish / enjoyment

See Also

  • {selpu'a}
  • {kufra}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.oi nai glare cakla
Mmm, hot chocolate!"


cmavo: .u'a (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express gain / triumph / success

See Also

  • {jinga}
  • {selne'u}
  • {prali}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'a la'e di'u se jetnu lo du'u mi pu drani
Hah, that proves I was right!



cmavo: .u'a nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express loss / desolation / melancholy / disconsolation / lamentation / mourning

See Also

  • {cirko}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'a nai la rover pu xamgu gerku
Snif, Rover was a good dog.


cmavo: .u'e (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express wonder / admiration / amazement / awe / marvel / astoundment

See Also

  • {selmanci}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'e ze prenu cu zvati
Wow, there are seven people here!
.u'e le va gerku cu mutce stati
Wow, that dog is really talented!


cmavo: .u'e nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express that something is commonplace / humdrum / unexceptional / prosaic

See Also

  • {tolselmanci}
  • {fadni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'e nai xu ta xagrai lo se kakne be do
Pshaw, is that the best you can do?


cmavo: .u'i (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express amusement / hilarity / merriment / mirth / laughter

See Also

  • {selzdi}
  • {selxajmi}
  • {xalbo}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'i ta cusku zo ganxo
Heh, heh, he said "arsehole".


cmavo: .u'i nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express weariness / boredom / tediousness / tedium / ennui

See Also

  • {tolselzdi}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'i nai banzu ca le cabdei
Yawn, that's enough for today.


cmavo: .u'o (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express courage / boldness / bravery / valor / daring

See Also

  • {virnu}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'o mi do pu'o nurgau
I'm coming to your rescue!


cmavo: .u'o cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express timidity / shyness / unassertiveness / inhibition / timorousness

See Also

  • {jikterpa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'o cu'i xu mi zifre lo nu stali
Erm, may I stay here?


cmavo: .u'o nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express cowardice

See Also

  • {tolvri}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'o nai mi na nerkla ta
Oh no, I'm not going in there.


cmavo: .u'u (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express repentance / regret / contrition / remorse / guiltiness

See Also

  • {xenru}
  • {zugycni}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'u mi pu na jundi
Sorry, I wasn't paying attention.


cmavo: .u'u cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express innocence / blamelessness / clear conscience / righteousness / naïveté

See Also

  • {nalselra'u}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'u cu'i mi zukte no da
I didn't do anything!


cmavo: .u'u nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express lack of regret / remorselessness / defiance / spite / provocation / unrepentance

See Also

  • {talsa}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

.u'u nai mi pu zi stapa le do jamfu i do ba zukte ma
Yeah, I just stepped on your foot. What are you going to do about it?


cmavo: ua (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express discovery / realization / recognizance / recollection / understanding

See Also

  • {facki}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ua ba'e ta do mensi
Ah, so *that*'s your sister.


cmavo: ua nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express confusion / searching / disorientation / befuddlement / perplexity / puzzlement / bewilderment

See Also

  • {cfipu}
  • {sisku}
  • {ki'a}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ua nai la'e di'u vajni fi ma
Huh? How is that relevant?


cmavo: ue (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express surprise / astonishment / unexpectedness / shock / stupefaction.

See Also

  • {selspaji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ue ta lenku
Oo, that's cold!


cmavo: ue cu'i (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express indifference / impassiveness / insensitivity / unresponsiveness / oblivion / not being really surprised

See Also

  • {norselspaji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ue cu'i ma cnino
So what's new?


cmavo: ue nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express expectation / expectedness / confirmation.

See Also

  • {tolselspaji}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ue nai ro da pu prane
Everything was perfect, just as I expected.


cmavo: ui (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express happiness / joy / glee / bliss / delight / ecstasy / exultation / jubilation / cheerfulness

See Also

  • {gleki}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ui mi pu klama le zarci
Yay, I went to the store!


cmavo: ui nai (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express unhappiness / sadness / sorrow / depression / gloominess / woe / heartache / anguish

See Also

  • {badri}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

ui nai ti pu melbi jarbu
Sigh, this used to be a nice neighbourhood.


cmavo: uo (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express completion / achievement / consummation / fulfillment / accomplishment / termination / culmination

See Also

  • {snada}
  • {mulno}
  • {mansa}
  • {fanmo}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uo di'u clani jufra
Pfew, that was a long sentence!


cmavo: uo nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express incompleteness / deficiency / lack / insufficiency

See Also

  • {fliba}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uo nai do tu na ru'e darxi
Oh, you almost hit it.


cmavo: uu (UI1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express pity / kindness / mercy / gentleness / compassion / sensitiveness

See Also

  • {kecti}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uu mi ba dunda lo boxfo do
Oh you poor thing! I'll get you a blanket.


cmavo: uu nai (UI*1)

Proposed Definition

Attitudinal. Used to express cruelty / callousness / hardheartedness / insensibility / insensitiveness / mercilessness / ruthlessness / unkindness / malice / evilness / wickedness

See Also

  • {kusru}

Proposed Keywords

Usage Examples

uu nai mi ba ponse lo do pruxi
Mwa, ha, ha, ha, ha! Your soul will be mine!


Associated predicates

ja'ai cu'i nai
.a'a jundi nalju'i rivbi
.a'e cikna tatpi
.a'i troci selfrili cando
.a'u selci'i nalselci'i selrigni
.i'a selmansa tolselmansa
.i'e zanru nutli tolzau
.i'i gunma selsivni
.i'o ckire jilra
.i'u selsau termipri
.ii terpa snura
.io sinma tolsi'a
.iu prami xebni
.o'a jgira cumla ckeji
.o'e cnijbi cnida'o
.o'i seljde darsi
.o'o xendo racli fengu
.o'u surla cnilanxe dunku
.oi pante selpu'a
.u'a jinga cirko
.u'e selmanci tolselmanci
.u'i selzdi tolselzdi
.u'o virnu jikterpa tolvri
.u'u xenru nalselra'u talsa
.ua facki selfi'u
.ue selspaji norselspaji tolselspaji
.ui gleki badri
.uo snada fliba
.uu kecti kusru


Notes

  • iu cu'i was removed from the list because the keyword "no love lost" was too confusing, its meaning is fairly obvious anyway, and no usage was found.
  • .u'u cu'i and .u'u nai were interchanged.

Section Issues

  • The realis/irrealis distinction has been rather hotly debated over the years. It is my ( Lindar ) opinion that the reality/irreality of the UI is dependent upon the reality/irreality of the jufra, and can be indicated with da'i/da'inai or some other kind of marker. This way ni'o .a'o mi klama can mean I hope I go. in one instance and I'm going, about which I feel hopeful. for another, rather than being restricted to one meaning.

Poll